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​​​​​​​​​​​​​​"Writing is among the greatest inventions in human history,  

perhaps the greatest invention, since it made history possible."

These words open my bestselling illustrated history, The Story of Writing: Alphabets, Hieroglyphs & Pictograms, published in 1995.


A "fascinating book", commented Henri Cartier-Bresson--the classic photographer, also a graphic artist and a writer--in a handwritten

letter sent to me soon after publication. "Graphology", he continued, ​

        "gives such a pleasure by the link between the eye,

        the mind and the fingers handling a little tool

        --instead of the dehumanisation in communication

        through electronic systems." --

















Many of us are fascinated by writing--whether handwritten, printed or electronic. By its undeciphered pictographic origins, maybe in Ice Age art; by its five millennia of development, from proto-cuneiform inscribed on a Mesopotamian clay tablet (shown right) to the World Wide Web; and by its revolutionary, as yet little understood, power to render evanescent speech, thoughts and feelings visible and readable.


As the author of some 25 books--six of them on writing, scripts and decipherment--my work offers a kaleidoscope of subjects mingling the humanities and the sciences of many periods and cultures, from ancient Egypt, Greece and the Indus civilisation to modern Europe, India and the USA. The latest, Einstein on the Run, discusses Albert Einstein's lifelong entanglement with the physics, culture and politics of Britain (his refuge from Nazi death threats in 1933). They include:

​        (Oneworld/Pi Press)


As a journalist, I have written equally varied features and reviews: some directly related to my books, others more tangentially. For example, these seven articles--on Cartier-Bresson's life, Egyptian mummies, Satyajit Ray's Indian films, British earthquakes, Tom Lehrer's songs, Einstein's physics and the history of writing/scripts:

        --review of a British Museum exhibition on Egyptian mummies


Overall, my books and journalism have discussed in detail: ​

  • Cinema, History, Linguistics, Literature and Writing Systems
  • Archaeology, Decipherment, Geology, Measurement and Physics
  • Biography, Creativity, Genius, Innovation and Polymathy





The books explore three principal areas of knowledge:

  • Science and the History of Science

        For example: Sudden Genius?

  • Archaeology and Scripts 

        For example: The Man Who Deciphered Linear B

  • Indian History and Culture

        For example: India: A Short History

They range in period and setting from world pre-history (Earthshock), ancient Egypt (Cracking the Egyptian Code) and Greece (The Man Who Deciphered Linear B), to modern times in Britain (Einstein on the Run), India (Satyajit Ray) and globally (Earth-Shattering Events). Six are biographies: of physicist Albert Einstein, film director Satyajit Ray, Egyptologist Jean-François Champollion, archaeological decipherer Michael Ventris, polymathic artist Rabindranath Tagore and polymathic scientist Thomas Young. Physicist, physician and philologist, Young deciphered the nature of light, human colour vision and part of the Rosetta Stone, named the "Indo-European" language family--and much more. Hence my (semi-serious) title: The Last Man Who Knew Everything.

 ​The books' UK/US publishers--general and academic--include:

  • Abrams, André Deutsch, Bloomsbury, McGraw-Hill, Macmillan, Oneworld, Palazzo, George Philip, Pi Press, Picador, Plume (Penguin), Rand McNally, Reaktion and Thames & Hudson
  • University of California Press, Cambridge Univ. Press, Oxford Univ. Press, Princeton Univ. Press, I.B. Tauris and Yale Univ. Press

Many have been translated into a wide variety of languages:

  • thirteen European languages
  • Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Persian, Taiwanese and Vietnamese 

Appreciations have come from diverse artists and writers such as Lindsay Anderson, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Arthur C. Clarke, Tom Lehrer and V. S. Naipaul, and humanities/sciences academics such as Jocelyn Bell Burnell, Brian Fagan, James Lovelock, Patrick Moore, Amartya Sen and David Weatherall, including five Nobel laureates. 


For example, from the arts and humanities:

  • Lindsay Anderson​

        film-director and writer

        on Satyajit Ray  (André Deutsch/I.B. Tauris/Bloomsbury)

        "A signal salute to integrity"

        --review in The Spectator

  • Arthur C. Clarke

        science-fiction writer

        on Lost Languages  (McGraw-Hill/Thames & Hudson)
        "Andrew Robinson has now followed up his beautifully       
        illustrated The Story of Writing with a highly appropriate sequel: 
        Lost Languages, on undeciphered scripts. Many, it seems likely, 
        will never be deciphered—which raises an interesting question.  
        If we cannot always understand messages from our fellow 
        humans—how successful will we be when we receive the first
        communication from Outer Space?

        --comment on hardback edition


  • Brian Fagan

        archaeologist and writer

        on The Indus  (Reaktion Books)

​        "Everyone interested in ancient civilizations should read this

        eloquent, closely argued biography (it is nothing less) that brings

        the Indus people in from the historical shadows." 

        --comment on hardback edition


  • Patrick French

​        ​biographer and historian of India

        on Selected Letters of Rabindranath Tagore  (Cambridge UP)

        "A triumphant work of scholarship, expertly annotated and

        beautifully designed"

        --review in The Daily Telegraph

  • John Keay

        historian of India

        on India: A Short History  (Thames & Hudson)
        "Pithy, admirable... a most refreshing résumé"

        --review in The Times Literary Supplement


  • Diana Kormos-Buchwald

        historian and director of the Einstein Papers Project

        on Einstein on the Run  (Yale UP)
        "This is a jewel of a book, to be read by anyone interested in 
        Albert Einstein, his science, his peripatetic existence, his joys and

        --comment on hardback edition


  • V. S. Naipaul

        writer, and Nobel laureate

        on Satyajit Ray  (André Deutsch/I.B. Tauris/Bloomsbury) 

        "An extraordinarily good, detailed and selfless book"

        --comment on paperback edition       


  • John Ray

        Egyptologist and writer

        on Cracking the Egyptian Code  (Thames & Hudson/Oxford UP)

        "This is a spirited account of a fascinating subject: the birth of

        Egyptology ... written with verve, elegance and perception."

        --review in The Financial Times


  • Salman Rushdie

​        writer

        on Satyajit Ray  (André Deutsch/I.B. Tauris/Bloomsbury)

        "Extremely thorough, often perceptive and at times highly


        --review in London Review of Books


And from the sciences:

  • Philip W. Anderson

        physicist, and Nobel laureate

        on The Last Man Who Knew Everything  (Oneworld/Pi Press)

        "It is wonderful to have such an elegant biography of this

        remarkable man."

        --comment on paperback edition


  • Jocelyn Bell Burnell


        on Einstein on the Run  (Yale UP)

        "A well-researched and very readable book about a less well-

        known ​​period in Einstein's life"

        --comment on hardback edition


  • Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

        cosmologist, and Nobel laureate

        on Rabindranath Tagore  (Bloomsbury/I.B. Tauris)

        "The entire book was a revelation to me ... it brings out very

        clearly that Tagore was intellectually more perceptive than


        --comment on paperback edition


  • Tom Lehrer

        mathematician and song-writer

        on The Last Man Who Knew Everything  (Oneworld/Pi Press)

        "I must confess that—to my shame—I was unaware of the career

        of Thomas Young. Clearly he was an extraordinary man. (If I

        may paraphrase myself: When Thomas Young was my age, he

        had been dead for 22 years.) And this is clearly an

        extraordinary book."

        --letter to author (in 2006)


  • James Lovelock

        geochemist, environmentalist and writer

        on the prize-winning Earthshock  (Thames & Hudson)

        "A wonderful compilation of the things that can happen when 

        our planet does no more than turn in its long sleep"

        --comment on paperback edition


  • Patrick Moore

        astronomer and writer 

        on Einstein: A Hundred Years of Relativity  (Princeton UP) 

        "By far the best book about Einstein that I have ever come


        --review in BBC Sky at Night


  • Philip Morrison

​        astrophysicist

        on The Story of Writing  (Thames & Hudson)

        "Rich in images ... well-informed and assured"

        --review in Scientific American


  • Amos Nur

        geophysicist and writer

        on Earth-Shattering Events  (Thames & Hudson)

        "A truly welcome, and refreshing, study that puts earthquake

        impact on history into a proper perspective"​​

        --comment on hardback edition


  • Ilya Prigogine

        physical chemist, and Nobel laureate

        on Rabindranath Tagore  (Bloomsbury/I.B. Tauris)

        "A fascinating book about a fascinating man, a work that

        addresses the profound conflict between eastern spirituality and

        western rationality"

        --comment on paperback edition


  • David Weatherall

        physician and geneticist 

        on The Scientists  (Thames & Hudson)

​        "This excellent celebration of the evolution of science over the

        centuries should be of broad interest to scientists and non-

        scientists alike—it will also be a wonderful stimulus to young

        people thinking about a career in science."

        --review in The Lancet


See the Books and Book Extracts pages of this website for further

press reviews and details of all of my books.




Current projects reflect my principal interests mentioned above:

  • Science and the History of Science: Einstein on the Run
  • Indian History and Culture: The Indus and Satyajit Ray
  • Archaeology and Scripts: The Origins of Writing


Einstein on the Run

Einstein on the Run: How Britain Saved the World's Greatest Scientist  was published in hardback in 2019 in the UK and USA. According to Astronomer Royal Martin Rees, the book offers "a valuable new perspective", while writer Ali Smith calls it "an inspiration" for one of her novels--as quoted on the paperback cover opposite (see the full cover). The paperback was published in 2021, to mark the centenary of Einstein's inaugural visit to Britain (see the press release). Read an excerpt from the book in Time magazine.​


Here is a sketch of the book, which is the first to be devoted to Britain and Einstein. Britain inspired the young Einstein's physics. Then, from 1919, it made him world famous as an adult. Later, in 1933, it saved him from Nazi assassination by offering him sanctuary--as suggested in three Einstein illustrations below: a Nazi caricature, a British caricature and a photograph of Einstein under armed guard in rural England. So the book is a biographical study, narrating his scientific, cultural and political relationship with Britain over more than half a century. It was published during the centenary of the confirmation of Einstein's general relativity by British astronomers' observations of a 1919 solar eclipse, which launched Einstein as an international star.


I wrote an article about the 1919 eclipse centenary, "The experiment that made Einstein famous" (download article) in The Wall Street Journal, and two reviews of books about the centenary: "The eclipse that made Einstein famous" in Science, and "A relative revolution" in Physics World.


Plus general-interest articles on many different aspects of Einstein:


Comments and reviews about Einstein on the Run include:

  • "Robinson’s thrilling new book on Albert Einstein’s relationship to Britain, Einstein on the Run, is the very first study of its kind."(Ze'ev Rosenkranz, editor of The Travel Diaries of Albert Einstein)
  • "This is certainly an engaging book, written by a seasoned biographer, Andrew Robinson, and filled with interesting insights backed up with pictures, poems and quotes from the main protagonists. ... [It] feels a curiously timely book, looking at what it meant to be politically outspoken in a time of political uncertainty."

        (Emily Winterburn, BBC Sky at Night)

  • "A sparkling study"

        (Barbara Kiser, Nature)

  • "Besides the scientific and political contexts of Einstein's life, Robinson's writing beautifully invokes the free-spirited professor's playful personality, charm and good humour ... Robinson's superb work remains compelling throughout."

        (Ian Randall, Physics World)​​

  • "Robinson's study of Einstein offers a fascinating account of his relationship with Britain. It is rich in unfamiliar and memorable anecdotes from his visits, that cast fresh light on his personality

        --a beguiling mix of idealism and down-to-earth opinions, free of

        pretensions or pomposity."

        (P. D. Smith, The Times Literary Supplement)

  • "Highly readable... with [Einstein's] stint hiding out in Norfolk serving as an entertaining climax."

        (Andrew Crumey, The Wall Street Journal)


Hear my interview "Einstein on the run" on Cool Science Radio, KPCW.


The Indus, Satyajit RayCracking the Egyptian Code and

The Scientistspaperbacks​​

  The Indus was published as a paperback in 2021, the centenary of the discovery of the enigmatic Indus civilization (2600-1900 BC) by British and Indian archaeologists. According to the review quoted on the paperback cover opposite, The Indus is:

  • "[A] wonderfully eloquent and informative book ... a highly accessible volume and a very good read indeed."

        (Current World Archaeology)

Michael Wood, historian and television presenter, calls the book:

  • "terrific, a really readable and judicious synthesis of current knowledge which must be easily the best introduction to the subject available." (Read Wood's centenary related feature.)

In the exquisite ancient Indus sealstone shown opposite, a 'unicorn' stands before what may be an incense burner, beneath four tantalising signs--maybe writing the seal-owner's name? We don't know, because Indus writing is undeciphered, despite a century of study by diverse experts and numerous claims of decipherment. The Indus script is the world's most deciphered script!


See my Nature article, "Cracking the Indus script", and my History Today cover story, "Lost and found", on the characteristics of the Indus civilization as a whole, beginning with its discovery.

  Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye was published in a third edition by Bloomsbury Publishing in India, the UK and the USA in 2021, to celebrate Ray's birth centenary. See front and back cover.


Satyajit Ray was deeply admired by fellow film-directors as various as Lindsay Anderson, Michelangelo Antonioni, Richard Attenborough, Adoor Gopalakrishnan, John Huston, James Ivory, Akira Kurosawa, Jean Renoir and Martin Scorsese, and other artists such as Henri Cartier-Bresson, V. S. Naipaul and Mstislav Rostropovitch. "Not to have seen the cinema of Ray means existing in the world without seeing the sun or the moon", Kurosawa said. "The films of Satyajit Ray are truly treasures of cinema, and everyone with an interest in film needs to see them", Scorsese told me in 2021, as quoted in my centenary articles "Shining a light on Satyajit Ray" in The Financial Times and "A century of Ray" in Frontline (India). See also "Indian polymath" in the British Museum Magazine.


The third edition includes "A Century of Ray"--a new assessment of the nature of his genius; and "Ray in Conversation"--an extensive discussion with Ray of his life and work based on my previously unpublished interviews with him recorded in the 1980s.

  Cracking the Egyptian Code was published as an updated paperback in 2022, to celebrate the 1822 decipherment of the Egyptian hieroglyphs, and also the 1922 discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun (hieroglyphic cartouche shown opposite). See the book's new cover above, and its new preface, "Deciphering Tutankhamun"; "Mummies, myths, and medicine in ancient Egypt", my Lancet review of a 2022 British Museum exhibition, Hieroglyphs; and "Tales of Tutankhamun", my Science review published in 2022.

4   The Scientists will be published in a paperback edition in early 2023. Edited by me, with contributions from well-known scientists, historians of science and science writers, such as Frank Close, Alison Pearn and Patrick Moore--a "stellar" team, according to Nature's review of the hardback edition (see the back cover opposite)--it consists of some 40 essays on leading scientists from the past five centuries, illustrated with a superb range of historical and recent images in both B/W and colour. Beginning with the 16th-century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus and concluding with the 20th-century archaeologists and anthropologists Louis and Mary Leakey, the collection covers all fields of science, from cosmology and quantum physics to medicine and genetics. My new Postscript discusses "Science and scientists in our time", including the recent research trend away from single workers like Albert Einstein and duos like Marie and Pierre Curie to group projects such as the Large Hadron Collider, the Human Genome Project and the World Wide Web Consortium. 

See the latest cover opposite and an advance information release from the publisher Thames & Hudson.


The Origins of Writing: research project

I am now researching a global study of the origins of writing, commissioned by Yale University Press. What, if anything, does Ice Age cave art (shown opposite in France, dated circa 13,000 BC) have to do with the later invention of writing? Was writing invented once in Mesopotamia (the Fertile Crescent) circa 3300 BC, as cuneiform, and somehow transmitted around the world? Or was it invented independently at several different times during antiquity, in places such as China, Egypt, the Indus Valley, Mesopotamia, Mexico and even Rapanui (Easter Island)? What inspired its invention? Accountancy, statecraft, religion, personal records and even epic poetry like Homer's? Why are some ancient writing systems, such as early Chinese characters (shown opposite in a Shang oracle-bone inscription from circa 1200 BC), bewilderingly complex, whereas others, such as the early Semitic alphabet (shown below as letters inscribed on an Egyptian sphinx dated 1800-1500 BC)--are astonishingly simple? Read my 2019 essay, "The origins of writing" in the British Library exhibition catalogue, Writing: Making Your Mark, my 2020 feature, "The origins of writing", in the British Museum Magazine, and my 2022 book review, "Alphabetized", in Science.



















As a journalist--and former Literary Editor of The Times Higher Education Supplement--I have written numerous reviews and features on the arts, humanities and sciences for newspapers and magazines based mainly in the UK and USA, as indicated above. By way of further example, consider these articles on diverse subjects:

        --profile of Henri Cartier-Bresson at 90, introduced opposite

         --obituary of film director Akira Kurosawa

        --profile of V. S. Naipaul at 70

        --review of a biography of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun

        ([BBC] Focus)

        --feature on the history of measuring longitude 

        --cover feature on the Indus civilisation and war, shown below

        --review of Stephen Hawking's final book

        --review of a Tate Gallery exhibition 

        --review of a study of the world's most ancient ghosts

        --feature on Ray, science and his sci-fi film that influenced E.T.

        --feature on the man who deciphered Linear B

See the Journalism page of this website for more articles, including my regular "Books in Brief" reviews in Nature.


Newspapers include: 

The Daily TelegraphThe Financial TimesThe Guardian, The IndependentThe New York TimesThe Times and The Wall Street Journal.


General magazines and journals include:

Aeon, The AuthorBBC History MagazineBritish Museum MagazineHistory TodayJournal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Literary Review, London Library MagazineLondon Magazine, MinervaThe SpectatorSight and SoundTimes Higher Education and The Times Literary Supplement.   

Science magazines and journals include: 

Antiquity, Current World Archaeology, E&T (Engineering and Technology), (BBC) FocusGeoscientist, The Lancet, Nature, New ScientistPhysics World and Science​.


Plus biographical entries in The Encyclopaedia Britannica and 

The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

I have also appeared on BBC Radio and BBC Television, and acted as a consultant for two BBC TV programmes, on Satyajit Ray (1988) and Michael Ventris (2002), based on Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye and

The Man Who Deciphered Linear B: The Story of Michael Ventris.


I give talks and lectures at academic institutions, literary festivals, museums and related events, at venues such as the Ashmolean Museum, the British Library, the British Museum, the Edinburgh International Book Festival, the Hay Festival of Literature, Kings Place, the Oxford Literary Festival, the Royal Institution and the University of Oxford. See the Talks and Lectures page of this website.


For example, these video recordings:


I am a member of the Advisory Council of the Friends of the British Museum in London and the Advisory Board of Planet Word, a museum of language and writing which recently opened in Washington DC.




An alumnus of the Dragon School, Oxford, I was a King's Scholar of Eton College from 1970-74. My degrees are from University College, Oxford (in chemistry) and the School of Oriental and African Studies, London (in South Asian area studies). From 2006-10, I was a Visiting Fellow of Wolfson College, Cambridge, and am currently a Fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society. My father, F. N. H. (Neville) Robinson, was a physicist at the University of Oxford from the 1950s to the 1990s.

I have received a number of academic research grants, notably:

  • from the British Academy
  • from the Leverhulme Trust (fellowship)
  • from the John Templeton Foundation (to research creativity, genius and breakthroughs in the arts and sciences)

I was on the staff of Macmillan Publishers from 1979-82, Granada Television from 1983-88 and the independent television production company Brian Lapping Associates from 1989-90, and was Literary Editor of The Times Higher Education Supplement in London from 1994-2006. In 2007, I became a full-time writer of books and journalism.

Read my articles about my career, "Polymathic pursuits" and "Entangled with Einstein", in The Author, and hear me talking about polymathy on BBC Radio 4.





([at] = @)

Author and Journalist